Profile of a South African fraudster

South African companies experience more fraud and bribery than their counterparts elsewhere in the world, a survey by PwC has found.

They were being hit by a higher incidence in every category of economic crime except intellectual property infringement and mortgage fraud, it said in its Global Economic Crime Survey 2014 released on Tuesday.

Bribery and corruption had been the fastest growing economic crime category in South Africa since 2011.

The survey found senior management was the main perpetrator of economic crimes committed in the country.

“Our survey results indicate that the typical internal fraudster is male, aged between 31 and 40, has worked for his employer for more than 10 years, and has acquired a first university degree,” it said.

“This profile is consistent with South African organisations reporting that senior and middle management commit 77% of all internal fraud.”

In the survey, 5128 senior businessmen and women from 93 countries participated in an online survey during the fourth quarter of 2013.

This was the first time since 2005 the prevalence of economic crime had increased in South Africa.

Prevalence of economic crime
Prevalence of economic crime

“The latest results show that economic crime remains a serious challenge to business leaders, government officials and private individuals in South Africa.

“69% of South African respondents indicated that they had been subjected to some form of economic crime in the 24 months preceding the survey, compared to 37 percent of global respondents.”

The report listed various crimes and the percentages of each crime experienced in the past 24 months in South Africa compared to the rest of the world.

In the past 24 months, 77% asset misappropriation was experienced in South Africa compared to 69% around the world.

South Africa experienced 59% procurement fraud in the past two years compared to 29% experienced globally.

Bribery and corruption stood at 52% in South Africa compared to 27% around the world.

Human resources fraud was at 42% in South Africa, and 15% globally.

The report found that the country experienced 14% money laundering, and globally it stood at 11%. Tax fraud was at 11% in South Africa, and six percent globally.

Types of economic crimes experienced
Types of economic crimes experienced

It said South African respondents reported significantly more instances of procurement fraud, bribery and corruption, financial statement fraud and human resources fraud than their global counterparts.

“In the remaining categories, the distribution of economic crime in South Africa mirrors the global picture,” the report said.

South African entities took no action in nine percent of cases, opted for transfers in two percent, or warnings in 18% of cases.

“This is worrying as it suggests that the perpetrators remain within the organisations where they may commit further transgressions,” it said.

“It is important for organisations to adopt a zero-tolerance approach by dealing with fraudsters in an official and transparent manner, rather than sweeping the problem under the carpet internally.”

The PwC Global Economic Crime Survey questioned 5,128 senior businessmen and women from 93 countries during the fourth quarter of 2013.

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Profile of a South African fraudster