Stats SA has published its latest Quarterly Employment Survey, showing what the average monthly salary is in South Africa right now, across all industries.
As part of the data, Stats SA breaks down earnings across various sectors in the country, including mining, manufacturing, trade and transport, among others.
The country’s formal sector lost 28,000 jobs in Q3:2019 compared to Q2:2019, Stats SA said, noting 10.142 million employed at the end of the quarter, compared to 10.17 million in the previous quarter.
This represents a decline of 0.3% q/q, however it is 0.8% more than the same time in 2018 (or an addition of 78,000 over Q3 last year).
Job losses were seen in construction (-12,000); manufacturing (-12,000); community services (-11,000); business services (-9,000); and transport (-1,000) in Q3.
Gains were only made in trade (+17,000), with electricity and mining flat.
Across these industries, only the construction and transport sectors saw an overall decline in total gross earnings quarter,on-quarter, with the former dropping 2.3% and the latter 4.1%.
Year-on-year, however, transport was still up 4%. Here, electricity (-0.3%) and construction (-4.9%) fared the worst.
Over the quarter, those working in the electricity sector saw the highest average wage over the three-month period, earning R45,700 per month (including bonuses and overtime). Looking at just the basic salary and wages, the monthly average drops to R42,825.
The electricity sector employs 59,000 people, with total gross earnings paid to employees at R8.09 billion.
On the other side of the spectrum, those working in trade have the lowest average monthly salary at R15,200 (or R14,000 excluding bonuses and overtime). The trade sector, which includes retail and wholesale, employs 2.265 million people, and paid out R103.3 billion.
The table below outlines how the different sectors were paid (including overtime and bonuses). Note that employees include both full-time and part-time workers, and excludes the agricultural sector. Numbers have been rounded.
|Sector||Employees (‘000)||Gross earnings||Quarter average||Per month|
|Trade||2 265||R103.3 billion||R45 600||R15 200|
|Construction||599||R30.6 billion||R51 000||R17 000|
|Manufacturing||1 194||R71.0 billion||R59 500||R19 800|
|Business Services||2 343||R186.1 billion||R79 400||R26 500|
|Mining||462||R36.9 billion||R79 900||R26 600|
|Transport||482||R39.6 billion||R82 300||R27 400|
|Community Services||2 783||R235.6 billion||R84 700||R28 200|
|Electricity||59||R8.1 billion||R137 100||R45 700|
The data shows that the average monthly earnings paid to employees in the formal, non-agricultural sector was up slightly quarter to quarter (2.6%), while showing an annual increase of 3.7%.
The average worker is paid R21,966 per month – up from the R21,414 recorded at the end of Q2, and up from R20,433 recorded in the same period in 2018.
This equates to approximately R263,592 per year.