While some South African employees experienced the fastest take-home pay increases in more than a year in September 2021, October 2021 showed the steepest decline since September 2019.
Take-home pay in the South African private sector showed the steepest monthly decline since in more than two years, data from the latest BankservAfrica Take-home Pay Index (BTPI) showed.
“The real take-home pay declined by 3.1% on a year-on-year basis in October 2021 compared to the 4.1% growth in September 2021,” said Shergeran Naidoo, BankservAfrica’s head of Stakeholder Engagements.
There are a number of reasons for this fall, he said. In October 2020, more casual workers were in the process of returning to work, which resulted in a high BTPI base. By contrast, the October 2021 data reflected a smaller pool of payments to casual workers, which contributed to the sharp fall between September and October 2021.
The Municipal Elections Monday, which was declared as a public holiday, may have also seen some receiving their pay after 1 November 2021, therefore lowering the BTPI numbers for October 2021, the automated clearing house said.
“As the three-month moving average of the number of people paid stayed relatively stable, we believe some of the October payments occurred in September,” said Mike Schüssler, chief economist at economists.co.za.
The BTPI data has also been adjusted, and as a result: the average take-home pay for September increased by 4.1% – not the 8.3% previously reported.
The nominalised take-home pay for October 2021 was R15,042 compared to R15,266 recorded in September 2021. In real terms, the average take-home pay was R12,412 in October 2021, said Naidoo.
According to the BTPI data, South Africa’s take-home pay has stayed between R12,000 – R13,150 over the last 25 months, indicating salaries in the formal sector have not changed drastically over the years.
In the last four months, the typical pay has remained below R11,000. Furthermore, the real typical pay in October 2021 reflected the highest decline since 2018.
This trend suggests South Africa has lost many high-salary jobs and that salaries for high earners in the civil service or private sector industries have not adjusted for the inflation increases.
“We expect this trend to reverse from November 2021 to January 2022 when the seasonal bonuses are paid. But, we will need to wait well into the new year to see if this reflects in the data,” said Schüssler.
Meanwhile, for the second consecutive month, private pensions increased under 10% in nominal terms. The real growth remained above 4% on a year ago, according to the BankservAfrica Private Pensions Index (BPPI).
“After ten months of real private pensions rising well above 5%, the last two months have seen increases below 5% in real terms. The rising inflation level and lower number of pensioners – with less than R247,500 in their banked private pensions – may be the reasons for this,” Schüssler said.
Importantly, it appears the number of pensioners measured in the BPPI continues to be over 650,000. There have also been four months of the actual number of pensioners increasing (despite no real extra payments as seen in February 2021).
A comparison of the BTPI and BPPI for 2019 – 2021
“The average nominal pension paid into a bank account via BankservAfrica was R9,298 in October 2021. In real terms, the BPPI reached R7,652, the lowest level in five months and mainly on the back of rising inflation,” said Naidoo.
The BPPI is the only one in the world and the longest-running pension income indicator. By June 2022, we will have a 10-year history of pensions paid to pensioners.
For 14 consecutive months, private pensions have outperformed take-home pay, as recorded in the BankservAfrica data.