Parliament’s portfolio committee on transport has asked interested partied to submit written comments on the National Road Traffic Amendment Bill.
The bill aims to introduce dozens of new traffic and motoring-related changes including further regulations around driving schools, licences and traffic wardens.
The biggest proposals are outlined in more detail below.
Clause 46 introduces a total prohibition for the use and consumption of alcohol by all motor vehicle operators on South African public roads.
It does this by deleting reference to any alcohol content in the blood or breath specimen of motor vehicle drivers on the road in South Africa.
The National Road Traffic Act (NRA) currently enables those who have consumed alcohol to get behind the wheel provided they are under the blood alcohol limit.
These laws differentiate between normal drivers and professional drivers (those drivers who hold professional driving permits).
For normal drivers, the concentration of alcohol in any blood specimen must be less than 0.05 gram per 100 millilitres, and in the case of a professional driver, less than 0.02 gram per 100 millilitres.
Transport Minister Fikile Mbalula said that under the amended act, no one will be able to drive a vehicle, or occupy the driver’s seat while the engine is running, with any concentration of alcohol in their system.
“Research conducted by the Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC) in collaboration with the South African Medical Research Council and the University of South Africa shows that driver alcohol intoxication accounts for 27.1% of fatal crashes in the country.
“This is estimated to cost the economy R18.2 billion annually,” Mbalula said.
The bill introduces a number of proposed changes for driving centres in South Africa. This includes:
- Providing for the suspension and cancellation of the registration of an examiner for driving licenses or an examiner of vehicles, if such person has been convicted of an offence or has a direct or indirect conflict of interest;
- The registration and grading of training centres;
- Require the relevant provincial Department or local authority responsible for transport to register a driving licence testing centre before operating as a driving licence testing centre;
- Prohibit the use of unauthorised aid during a test for a learner’s licence or a driving licence test and disqualification;
- Provide for the registration and grading of driving school instructors as well as driving schools.
Transport director-general Alec Moemi said that government is planning to introduce new motor vehicle licence plates under the bill.
Moemi said that the new regulations are particularly important when identifying cars during road accidents.
“We are looking at a new system that will include the embedding of microdots into a new number plate, that will then be regulated.
“Manufacturers, as well as those that print out and issue them to motor vehicle owners (will also be regulated) so that number plates that are forged will be easily identified.”
Microdots have seen increasing popularity as a safety feature on South African vehicles, and are classified as a particle with a diameter smaller than 1.8 mm which bears a unique, optically readable microdot identifier – typically the vehicle’s 17-digit VIN number or another registered PIN.
Moemi said that technology which is currently employed across the country’s highways, especially in Gauteng and Cape Town, as well as at the country’s borders, will be able to scan these micro-dots.
Similar technology can also be deployed to scan vehicles that travel under highway bridges.
In addition to the benefits around road safety and crime, Moemi said that the new system will also allow the government to better understand road usage across the country.
He said that country’s traffic impact is currently calculated by department employees at intersections or by using Gauteng’s e-toll gantries.
“In this regard, these micro-dots will also help us (measure) traffic patterns and hotspots.”
While not mentioned in the explanatory summary of the bill, the legislation does make reference to the introduction of a new ‘provisional’ driver’s licence in South Africa.
In a presentation to parliament on 13 October, the department said that current regulations will be amended to include three types of driving licences in the country.
- A learner’s licence;
- A provisional driving licence;
- A driving licence.
South Africa’s licensing system is currently time-based, with an individual given two years to get their driver’s licence after receiving a learner’s licence.
Graduated driver licensing systems are designed to provide new drivers of motor vehicles with driving experience and skills gradually over time in low-risk environments.
There are typically three steps or stages through which new drivers pass. They begin by acquiring a learner’s permit, progress to a provisional licence, followed by receipt of a full driver’s licence.
Graduated drivers’ licensing generally restricts night, highway, and unsupervised driving during initial stages, but lifts these restrictions with time and further testing of the individual, eventually concluding with the individual attaining a full driver’s licence.