Big banks may be considered too big to fail, but their size and operational complexity create performance drags that could also make them too big to succeed, according to research and advisory firm Gartner.
The group advises bank CIOs and COOs must innovate in IT and operations to negate a problem Gartner has identified as the “law of diminishing IT returns.”
“Exponential increases in demand for IT are a problem for all banks, particularly because IT budgets have failed to keep pace with demand. Big banks’ internal economies of scale — which make them better able to absorb fixed overheads due to a larger customer base and stronger buying power — should give them an advantage over smaller banks,” said David Furlonger, vice president and distinguished analyst at Gartner.
“However, Gartner’s data continues to show that these supposed economies of scale are actually being overwhelmed at big banks — typically those with annual revenue greater than $10 billion — by accelerating demand and complexity.”
Gartner has identified the following key impacts on big banks and associated recommendations:
The increasing size and complexity of big banks is outstripping the ability of their CIOs to provide effective IT and operational support.
The phenomena of rapidly escalating demand, limited IT scalability and diminishing returns on IT investments are especially prominent in heavily digitized industries such as banking and insurance. Their products are fundamentally intangible, and IT plays a primary role in virtually every aspect of operations.
“CIOs and COOs should address the impact of the law of diminishing IT returns in executive management steering committee meetings. Initial investments in IT efficiency require subsequent investments in superior delivery and management, such as more automation and self-service portals, visualisation and information-centric technologies, due to increased demand,” said Peter Redshaw, managing vice president at Gartner.
“They should also simplify wherever possible as many ‘too big to fail’ firms remain too complex to manage well. The focus should be on improving process simplification, standardisation, application portfolio rationalisation, data quality, openness and divestment.”
Increasing digitalisation has created exponential growth in demand that exceeds the bank CIO’s ability to supply IT cost-effectively, Gartner says.
CIOs and COOs are well aware of the extraordinary and constantly increasing demand for IT services.
The surge in IT demand, however, does not stop with BYOD. IT is now expected to support cloud-based applications, employee use of social media, connectivity with external business partners, and many other new demand-driven IT use cases, many of which are effectively beyond the control of the enterprise’s IT and operations organisations.
Gartner says that IT spending outside the bank CIO’s control renders traditional management models obsolete.
“Banks need to improve the governance model. CIOs must lobby senior executives at steering committee meetings to place greater emphasis on improving governance models, shared services and centres of excellence across product areas, using lower-cost locations, and outsourcing appropriate functions,” said Redshaw.
“They should evaluate non-financial-services management models. In industries other than financial services, IT is no longer in the “back office,” and this provides opportunities to learn from others.
“Enterprises such as Google, Facebook and Amazon provide valuable role models and a source of ongoing best practices for banks to learn from. Moreover, the internet is making collaboration easier, so best practices can be shared and disseminated more rapidly,” Redshaw said.