Growing concern over South Africa’s vaccine programme ahead of expected third wave

Experts warn that South Africa is heading towards a third Covid-19 wave with no concrete vaccine rollout plan and some way off its target of vaccinating healthcare workers.

Professor Glenda Gray, a co-lead investigator for the Johnson & Johnson (J&J) vaccine trial, told the Sunday Times that 500,000 healthcare workers will likely be vaccinated by the end of April – only a third of the 1.5 million target set by the government.

This was echoed by Martin Kingston, chair of the steering committee at Business for SA, who said that growing frustration over the slow pace of vaccination was understandable.

He said that South Africa will need to ramp up to 250,000 vaccinations each day over a three- or four-month period to meet its targets – but the country currently does not have the vaccines to do this, despite government deals to secure them.

Health minister Dr Zweli Mkhize said in a statement on social media on Saturday evening (20 March), that the total number of confirmed Covid-19 cases is 1 536 801, while the total number of deaths is 52,082, and the total number of vaccines administered is 182,983.

He said that the country recorded 1,378 new cases, having seen an average of around 1.400 new daily cases over the prior three days.

Discovery Health chief executive Ryan Noach said many deaths could be avoided if vaccine jabs were given to all high-risk groups by midwinter, including people over the age of 60 and people living with multiple co-morbidities, with the balance of the population being vaccinated before the end of the year.

“We are obviously very eager to achieve this. Given that a major challenge is the global shortage of vaccines in the second quarter of the year, we are working our hardest to support the government’s efforts by engaging directly with global manufacturers to free up stock that can be centrally procured,” Noach said.

Noach said manufacturers globally are not yet allowing private players to procure vaccines directly.

“It is clear vaccine procurement and the rollout at this stage has to be led by the state, with strong support and collaboration from the private sector – we must therefore do everything we can to assist and ensure a successful and rapid rollout.”

On Saturday (20 March), the Department of Health announced that a further 70,000 doses of Johnson & Johnson vaccines arrived and are being dispatched over the course of the weekend to the various provinces according to respective allocations.

Growing push for private procurement

Shoprite, the country’s largest retailer said earlier this week that the private sector must be allowed to secure vaccines on their own to speed-up the slow rollout of Covid-19 shots.

Shoprite “would certainly purchase for our employees to get those front-line people vaccinated as quickly as possible,” chief executive officer Pieter Engelbrecht told Bloomberg.

“There are 25 million customers through our stores every month, so one can understand how critical it is for our people to be vaccinated.”

“Rather than restrict trade, which causes injury to insult with unemployment and retrenchment, the focus needs to be on reaching so-called herd immunity to ensure the economy can get started,” Engelbrecht said.

In its provincial budget on Tuesday, the Western Cape provincial government said that it will set aside R75 million to independently procure up to 500,000 single-shot vaccines for the province.

Media Hack Collective’s new Vaccination Calculator shows that it will take South Africa over 17 years to vaccinate 67% of the population at the current rate.

To reach the 67% target, around 40 million South Africans have to be vaccinated by the end of the year.


Read: Risk factors that could trigger a third Covid-19 wave in South Africa: experts

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Growing concern over South Africa’s vaccine programme ahead of expected third wave