Stats SA released its Census 2011 results on 30 October, revealing that the average South African household income nearly doubled over the last decade.
According to the Census 2011 results, the average annual household income was up to R103,204 from R48,385 recorded in Census 2001. This represents an increase of 113,3% in nominal terms.
“The Consumer Price Index indicates that income should have increased by 77.5% during this period to have stayed in line with inflation,” the Census 2011 Statistical Release document states.
Average annual household income by sex of head of household
The Census 2011 results show that the average female-headed household had just more than half the annual income in 2011 of their male counterparts – R67,330 versus R128,329.
The average female-headed household had increased their income by 141.6% from 2001, as compared with male-headed households that saw a relatively lower increase of 101.7%.
Average annual household income by population group of household head
The Census 2011 statistics reveal a significant difference in the average annual household income across the different population groups.
Black African-headed households were found to have an average annual income of R60,613 in 2011.
Coloured-headed households had an average of R112,172 in 2011, while the figure for Indian/Asian-headed households stood at R251,541.
White-headed households had the highest average household income at R365,134 per annum.
A comparison with the figures from 2001 does, however, show a bigger increase for black African-headed households of 169.1%, as opposed to an 88.4% increase for white-headed households.
Indian/Asian-headed households increased average income by 145.2% while coloured-headed households saw a 118.1% increase.
Average annual household income by province
Census 2011 found that Limpopo remained the province with the lowest average annual household income at R56,844, followed by Eastern Cape where the average was R64,539.
At the other end of the scale, Gauteng had the highest average annual household income at R156,243, followed by Western Cape with a figure of R143,460.
The order of provinces from 2001 to 2011 remained the same in terms of average annual household income.
The five provinces with the lowest average annual household income in 2001 have seen the largest percentage increases during the period 2001 to 2011.
Households in Mpumalanga had the largest increase of 148.9% followed by those in Limpopo (147.3%), Free State (145.1%), North West (131.7%) and Eastern Cape (120.0%).
In contrast, the average annual household income for households in Western Cape increased by 83.6% during this period, and the increase in Gauteng was 98.9%.