Hitachi allegedly made ‘improper payments’ to ANC for Eskom contracts

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has charged Hitachi with violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) when it inaccurately recorded improper payments to the ANC in connection with contracts to build two multi-billion dollar power plants.

The Tokyo-based conglomerate has agreed to pay $19 million (R267 million)  to settle the SEC charges.

The SEC alleged that Hitachi sold a 25% stake in a South African subsidiary to a company serving as a front for the African National Congress (ANC).

This arrangement gave the front company and the ANC the ability to share in the profits from any power station contracts that Hitachi secured., the US body said.

Hitachi was ultimately awarded two contracts to build power stations in South Africa and paid the ANC’s front company approximately $5 million in “dividends” based on profits derived from the contracts.

Through a separate, undisclosed arrangement, Hitachi paid the front company an additional $1 million in “success fees” that were inaccurately booked as consulting fees without appropriate documentation, the SEC said.

“Hitachi’s lax internal control environment enabled its subsidiary to pay millions of dollars to a politically-connected front company for the ANC to win contracts with the South African government,” said Andrew J. Ceresney, director of the SEC’s Enforcement Division.  “Hitachi then unlawfully mischaracterized those payments in its books and records as consulting fees and other legitimate payments.”

According to the SEC’s complaint filed in US District Court for the District of Columbia:

  • Hitachi was aware that Chancellor House Holdings was a funding vehicle for the ANC during the bidding process.
  • Hitachi nevertheless continued to partner with Chancellor and encourage the company to use its political influence to help obtain government contracts from Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd., a public utility owned and operated by the South African government.
  • Hitachi paid “success fees” to Chancellor for its exertion of influence during the Eskom tender process pursuant to a separate, unsigned side-arrangement.

Hitachi’s misconduct violated the books and records and internal accounting controls provisions of the federal securities laws, the SEC said.

Without admitting or denying the SEC’s allegations, Hitachi agreed to a settlement that would require the company to pay a $19 million penalty, and it would be permanently enjoined from future violations.

The settlement is subject to court approval.

“We particularly appreciate the assistance we received from the African Development Bank’s Integrity and Anti-Corruption Department and hope this is the first in a series of collaborations,” said Kara Brockmeyer, chief of the SEC Enforcement Division’s FCPA Unit.

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Hitachi allegedly made ‘improper payments’ to ANC for Eskom contracts